Update: In April 2021, the Civilian Complaint Review Board (CCRB) provided additional data and clarified information they provided to the NYCLU in July 2020. The updated database now includes information on the race or ethnicity of the impacted person and officer, incident location, current employment status of the officer, and other data. The CCRB’s original data set also contained duplicate entries and a number of entries with many missing values. The NYCLU published the data set in full in 2020 and noted where there appeared to be incomplete information. The current version of the database does not include 14,000 confirmed duplicates and 33,000 entries without complaint data. To access the old version, please visit our GitHub page.
The NYPD Misconduct Complaint Database, which the NYCLU obtained through Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) requests, is a repository of complaints made by the public on record at the CCRB. These complaints span two distinct periods: the time since the CCRB started operating as an independent city agency outside the NYPD in 1994 and the prior period when the CCRB operated within the NYPD. The database includes 279,644 unique complaint records involving 102,121 incidents and 48,757 active or former NYPD officers. The database does not include pending complaints for which the CCRB has not completed an investigation as of April 2021.
Using the CCRB complaint history data, which the NYCLU obtained through a Freedom of Information Law (FOIL) request, the NYCLU built a search tool to make the information more accessible. Each row of the database represents a unique complaint made against an NYPD officer, including the officer’s name, race or ethnicity, rank, and current command (the NYPD unit where the officer was most recently assigned at the time that the complaint was filed at the time of the incident). It is not uncommon for a single police-civilian encounter to result in multiple complaints against the same officer or against multiple officers. Of the complaints that include the self-reported race of the impacted person since 2000, 14% of are white, and about 81% are Black or Latinx. Of all complaints naming a NYPD officer since the 1980s, 61% are about white officers and 36% are about Black or Latinx officers.
Details about the CCRB investigation process can be found on their website. The CCRB also has a tool with up-to-date data on their website but includes less information for each complaint.
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The database includes the following categories of information:
- Last Name: Last name of officer named in the complaint.
- First Name: First name of officer named in the complaint.
- Rank: Rank of officer named in complaint at the time of the incident (e.g., Captain).
- Command: NYPD unit where the named officer was assigned at the time of the incident (e.g., the 5th Precinct).
- Incident Date: Date on which the incident took place.
- Complaint Category: Category of misconduct within the CCRB’s jurisdiction, which includes Force, Abuse of Authority, Discourtesy, and Offensive Language.
- Allegation: Short description of the action in the complaint (e.g., Gun Drawn).
- CCRB Finding: The CCRB’s final evaluation of the complaint. Details can be found on the CCRB website.
- NYPD Finding: NYPD final disposition of the complaint.
- Penalty: NYPD penalty given to the officer named in the complaint.
Officer Race: Race/ethnicity of officer named in the complaint.
Race of Impacted Person: Self-reported race/ethnicity of the person impacted in the incident (only present for complaints processed after the year 2000).
Precinct Location: NYPD precinct where the incident took place.
Employment Status: Indicator of whether the officer is still active or retired.
- Officer ID: This is a unique number the CCRB creates and assigns to each officer about whom it receives a complaint. This number does not correspond to any number the NYPD assigns to officers, such as a badge number.
- Incident ID: This is a unique number the CCRB assigns to each incident about which it receives a complaint. Multiple officers may be the subject of a complaint about the same incident.
In addition to the above information, the updated FOIL data we received from CCRB includes the following variables: gender of officer, gender and age of impacted person, date on which the complaint was received and closed by the CCRB, reason for the incident, outcome of the incident, and the number of days the officer had spent on the force at the time of the incident. To access the raw database, including all information received in the FOIL request, and file specification details, please visit the NYCLU GitHub.
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