- Schools rely on suspension, expulsion, citations, summonses, and arrests to handle disciplinary problems like bringing cell phones and ipods to school, smoking cigarettes, and skipping class. Students who might easily be disciplined through a visit to the principal's office end up in jail cells—this is the essence of the Pipeline
- Criminal charges are brought against youth in schools for violations that never would be considered criminal if committed by an adult
- A child who has been suspended is more likely to fall behind in school, be retained a grade, drop out of high school, commit a crime, and become incarcerated as an adult
- The best demographic indicators of children who will be suspended are not the type or severity of the crime, but the color of their skin, their special education status, the school they go to, and whether they have been suspended before
- Zero tolerance and suspensions disproportionately affect students of color and those with learning disabilities
- Black students represented only 17% of national public school enrollment in 2000 but accounted for 34% of suspensions
- Special education students represent 8.6% of public school students, but 32% of youth in juvenile detention nationwide
- Black students with learning disabilities are three times more likely to be suspended than white students with learning disabilities and four times more likely to end up in correctional facilities
- School disciplinary, juvenile, and criminal records work against disadvantaged students when they apply for colleges, scholarships, jobs, and selective high schools.
- In many places, having a criminal record can prevent students and their families from living in public housing
- Invest in education rather than the far more costly corrections system
- In 2004, the federal government spent $60 million to hire police forces for schools and $19.5 million on school safety equipment such as metal detectors
- Begin exploring successful, non-punitive discipline models such as peer mediation, conflict resolution, truth and reconciliation committees, guidance counseling, mentoring, teacher training and support, and parental and community involvement initiatives to reduce conflict in schools
- Allow students to have a role in designing school discipline codes. When students understand the reasons for rules and take ownership of them they are more likely to conform their behavior
Click here to download graph of U.S. Percentage of Worldwide Prisoners vs. U.S. Percentage of Worldwide Population (PDF). Footnotes  The Advancement Project (March 2005). Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track, p. 11.  NCYLU (March 2007), Criminalizing the Classroom: The Over-policing of New York City Schools  The Advancement Project (2000). Opportunities Suspended: The Devastating Consequences of Zero Tolerance and School Discipline, p. 13.  Russel Skiba and M. Karega Rausch (2003), Zero Tolerance, Suspension, and Expulsion: Questions of Equity and Effectiveness  The Advancement Project (March 2005). Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track, p. 18.  NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. Dismantling the School-to-Prison Pipeline, p. 5.  Building Blocks for Youth (2000), And Justice for Some.  The Advancement Project (March 2005). Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track, p. 12.
 The Advancement Project (March 2005). Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track, p. 17.
 NYCLU, Annenberg Institute for School Reform, and Make the Road New York (July 2009), Safety with Dignity: Alternatives to the Over-Policing of Schools.